In 1969, a Los Angeles youth named Raymond Washington, 15, organized a group of other neighborhood youths and started a gang
called the Baby Avenues. The Baby Avenues wanted to emulate a gang of older youths who had been involved in gang activity
since 1964 and provided minor crimes for the Black Panthers of Los Angeles. This gang was called the Avenue Boys since they
claimed their turf on Central Avenue in East Los Angeles. Raymond Washington, along with Stanley "Tookie" Williams
and several other gang members from the Baby Avenues Gang were fascinated with the hype of the Black Panthers and they wanted
to develop the Baby Avenues gang into a larger force. The Baby Avenues Gang began using the name Avenues Cribs since members
lived on the avenue (Central Avenue). Crib members would wear blue scarves (now called bandannas) around their necks or heads.
The color blue became their representative color.
In 1971, the use of the word 'Crip' had become so common among the Avenues Cribs that it became an acceptable name for
the gang. Meanwhile, Raymond Washington and his collection of young gang members influenced other area youth gangs resulting
in the formation of many Crip sets. Some of these sets included Avalon Garden Crips, Eastside Crips, Inglewood Crips and Westside
Crips. Crips gangs were violent and constantly expanded their turf. Because of their aggression, several rival gangs joined
forces as a gang collective called the Bloods. They adopted the color Red as their representative color. A fierce rivalry
between these two gangs existed throughout the 1970's and 80's. By the early 1980's, Crips gangs were heavily involved in
the drug trade that they commenced an expansion throughout the United States to sell a new drug product called "Crack".
Throughout the 1980's and 1990's the Crips developed intricate networks and a respected reputation with other gangs across
America and neighboring countries.
Development During the 1980's, several Crip gangs (and Bloods) developed in a Central American Country known as Belize
(formerly British Honduras). These gangsters migrated heavily to the United States during the late 1980's, especially throughout
the West Coast and East Coast States like New York, New Jersey, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia. In 1989,
several large Belizean families arrived in New York in the neighborhood of Harlem. The youth from these families, and some
adults, were members of the Crips Gang in Belize. They created the Harlem Mafia Crips in New York City and helped establish
several other Crip gangs such as the Rolling 30's Crips, 92 Hoover Crips and Rolling 60's Crips by 1995. During the late 1990's,
Crip gangs were well established in New York, New Jersey, North Carolina, Georgia, Connecticut, Florida, Pennsylvania and
other East Coast regions. Crip members initiate into the gang by committing a crime in front of gang witnesses. The initiation
process is called 'Loc'ing'-In. Female members have the option to commit a crime or become Sexed-In (Sex with several older
members). Crips on the East Coast wear blue and clear beads or blue and white beads around their neck but mostly blue jeans
and a white shirt. East Coast Crips affiliate with the Folk Nation gangs and have adopted the Folk Nation Symbols. They are
enemies with the Bloods.